India’s research angst

In India, there is a lot of hand-wringing about the country’s ability to keep pace with the rest of the world in academic research. Experts worry the country doesn’t spend enough on research, that the number of students doing doctoral research is too few, that there are not enough incentives for young people to pursue PhD’s and that once professors are ensconced in universities, they do not spend enough of their time researching and writing academic papers.

Here are some statistics from a recent op-ed in The Hindu:

"India has 7.8 scientists per 1,000 population compared to 180.66 in Canada, 139.16 in the Russian Federation, 53.13 in Korea and 21.15 in the U.S. Though the number of institutions participating in research in India increased in the last 10 years, 80% of the publications come only from 10% of the institutions. In terms of publication output measured by the number of papers published in journals indexed by Web of Science, the Indian share has remained flat under 3% for the last 10 years. The share of Brazil, South Korea and China has substantially increased during the same period, putting India in the 13{+t}{+h} position."

-Sarah Garland